Saturday, July 4, 2009

Willie Brigitte

Willie Virgile Brigitte (born 10 October 1968 in Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadaloupe) is a French convert to Islam who associated with al-Qaeda in Pakistan and was possibly involved in a plot to conduct a terrorist operation in Australia.[1]

French prosecutors called for Brigitte, currently in custody, to be sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment for his admission of his involvement in a terrorist organization.[2]



[edit] Background

Brigitte was born on the Caribbean island of Guadaloupe, an overseas territory of France. His father was an engineer and his mother worked as a pharmacist, and he grew up in Guadaloupe under relatively affluent circumstances. He moved to Paris for his final year of schooling, but chose to join the navy instead of sitting for the baccalaureate. He served for three years, having deserted the military twice.

After returning to civilian life in 1993 he worked in a variety of jobs, and had stints as a butcher, social worker, printer, drug rehabilitation facilitator, teacher and warehouse worker. Brigitte was briefly married to a Syrian Muslim woman, Chakoura al Soubai, with whom he had one child, but at the time neither of them were particularly religious.

He read widely, including the Qur'an, and at the age of thirty in 1998 he decided to embrace Islam in full. Brigitte adopted several new names including Mohammed Abderrahman, Mohammed Ibrahim Abderrahman, Abou Maimouna, Salahouddin, Jamal and 'Abderrahman the West Indian'. He attended an Islamic school in Yemen.

[edit] Recruited to Al Qaeda

Brigitte attended the Omar and Abou Bakr mosques in the poor and largely immigrant Paris banlieue of Couronnes, to study both Islam and Arabic. The mosques was infamous for preaching a mixture of militant and puritanical Islamist dogma, infused with anti-imperialist and anti-Western sentiments. It was in Couronnes that Brigitte came in contact with persons with links to the Algerian-based Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat. He was taken on oddly strenuous camping trips, believed by French intelligence to be designed by Islamist recruiters to identify suitable fighters. It is believed he helped procure two Belgian passports that were used by the assassins who managed to get close to, and kill, Afghan Northern Alliance warlord Ahmed Shah Massoud.

Brigitte married his second wife, N'Deye Sarr, a Senegalese[3] Muslim, in 1999. They had two daughters, and did divorce in 2001.

Brigitte headed to Afghanistan in 2001 after the 9/11 attacks, to assist the Taliban. The war prevented him entering Afghanistan, so he instead spent four months training in a Lashkar-e-Taiba camp in Pakistan. He received instruction in weapons handling and explosives. Sajid Mir, an LET operative responsible for managing foreigners, marked him as a potential al-Qaeda operative.

In early 2002 Brigitte returned to Paris. Keeping a low profile, he shunned contact with his family and lived in a hostel with Ibrahim Keita, another convert to Islam who Brigitte met on the various camping expeditions organized by the Couronnes mosques. Brigitte however was reticent to him as well, and Keita got suspicious when Brigitte asked if he could borrow his driving licence. Eventually in May 2003 Brigitte left Paris for Australia, using a ticket provided to him by Mir. He did not tell Keita where he was going.

[edit] In Australia

Brigitte is believed to have stayed with Faheem Khalid Lodhi, better known as Abu Hamza, a Pakistani-born, Australian-naturalized contact of Mir, living in South-western Sydney. He worked at a halal restaurant in the center of Sydney, and along with fraternising with a select number of associates of Hamza, he kept in constant contact with Mir by phone. Brigitte also had an interest in aboriginal issues, and he joined and trained at a gym run by Tony Mundine (father of the Australian boxer Anthony Mundine). Hamza for his part continued working as an architect, but also made queries about acquring large quantities of ammonium nitrate, an ingredient to make a bomb.

In order to stay longer in Australia, he sought a marriage of convenience with Melanie Brown, who was introduced through mutual acquaintances in the Islamic community. Brown like Brigitte was a convert to Islam, and had served in the Australian Army as a signaller in East Timor. She took her conversion to Islam quite seriously, and was eager to marry a Muslim man, although Abu Hamza saw her as a possible security risk and somebody who would take up space in his apartment. Ten days after meeting each other Brigitte and Brown were married in an Islamic ceremony on 30 August 2003.

Brigitte aggressively sought information from Brown about the Australian Army, its equipment and its operations, including details of the Pine Gap joint defence facility. Brown, aware of her obligations not to pass on classified information, managed not to pass on anything substantially secret - she took the precaution of destroying her notebooks of her time in East Timor. Brigitte and Hamza were often busy liaising with other associates in the Islamic community, and kept Brown at arms length.

[edit] Arrest and deportation

The DST, France's internal security agency, had been passively monitoring 'Abderrahman the West Indian' since 1998. After fellow members of the Couronnes terror cell were found fighting for al-Qaeda in AfghanistanASIO, Australia's security intelligence body. The message arrived at ASIO headquarters on 11pm on 3 October 2003 - the Friday evening of the Labour Day long weekend. investigations on others was stepped up. It wasn't until 3 September 2003 that the pseudonym 'Abderrahman the West Indian' was connected with Willie Brigitte. On 16 September 2003 French intelligence identified that Brigitte had bought a one way ticket to Australia, and six days later the Australian embassy was notified by mail about Brigitte and his background, seeking confirmation that Brigitte was still in Australia. Thinking that it was a routine trace request the Australian authorities did not immediately respond. Impatient, ten days later the French sent a secondary communication - this time directly to

Brigitte was promptly arrested on grounds of breaching the non-employment stipulations of his tourist visa, and sent to Villawood Immigration Detention Centre. He was held incommunicado, and was interviewed by ASIO officers - Brigitte was largely uncooperative though he was represented by his lawyer Harry Durimel. Abu Hamza was put under surveillance.

Brigitte was subsequently deported and sent back to France that month, where he was arrested on arrival. When his arrest became public the Australian authorities moved against Hamza and several of his associates, arresting them in a series of dawn raids in Sydney's south west. In 2006 Hamza was sentenced to twenty years' imprisonment after being found guilty of planning a terrorist attack on Australia's electricity grid.

Brigitte's case came to trial in February 2007, charged under French law of "associating with criminals in relation to a terrorist enterprise". On 15 March he was found guilty and sentenced to a nine-year prison sentence.[4] He remains legally married to Brown.

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